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Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - Histoire

Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - Histoire


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Daniel T. Griffin

Daniel Thornburg Griffin, né le 25 mars 1911 à Allendale, malade, s'est enrôlé dans la marine en octobre 1930 et a servi sans interruption jusqu'à sa mort lors de l'attaque japonaise sur Pearl Harbor le 7 décembre 1941. Le machiniste d'aviation de première classe Griffin a été cité par le commandant en chef , Pacific Fleet, pour son action rapide et efficace et son mépris total du danger personnel dans la défense de la base aéronavale de la baie de Kaneohe.

(DE-54 : dp. 1400, 1. 306'; n. 37'; dr. 13'6"; s. 24 k.
cpl. 186 ; une. 3 3". 3 21" tt.. 8 dcp.. 1 dcp. (hum.). 2 dct..
cl. Buckley)

Daniel T. Griffin (DE-54) a été lancé le 25 février 1943 par Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard, Hingham, Mass.; parrainé par Mme D. T. Griffin et commandé le 9 juin 1943, le lieutenant-commandant P. M. Fenton, USNR, aux commandes.

Après un voyage d'escorte d'un convoi vers Casablanca Maroc français entre le 15 août et le 24 septembre 1943 Daniel T. Griffin a pris le service de convoi entre New York et l'Irlande du Nord, effectuant huit voyages transatlantiques entre le 13 octobre 1943 et le 23 septembre 1944. Il est arrivé à Staten Island , NY, 22 octobre pour conversion en transport à grande vitesse. Elle est reclassée APD-38, le 23 octobre 1944.

En partant de Norfolk le 13 janvier 1945, Daniel T. Griffin est arrivé à Pearl Harbor le 6 février pour servir dans les équipes de démolition sous-marine. Elle a autorisé le 14 février sur le devoir de convoi à Ulithi et au Passage de Kossol, est arrivée ensuite à la Baie de San Pedro, Leyte, le 5 mars pour les répétitions d'invasion de l'Île Hononhan. Le 19 mars elle est devenue en route pour Kerama Retto, arrivant le 26ème. Pendant l'assaut sur Okinawa, elle a protégé des navires à Kerama Retto et a balayé des mines a livré des explosifs aux plages d'Okinawa et a agi ensuite comme navire de sauvetage jusqu'au 18 mai. Le 6 avril, elle a repoussé plusieurs attentats-suicides éclaboussant au moins deux avions ennemis. Lorsque Morris (DD-417) a été touché, Daniel T. Griffin l'a protégée contre d'autres attaques, l'a aidée à éteindre ses incendies et l'a escortée jusqu'à Kerarea Retto.Daniel T. Griffin a servi comme escorte locale à Saipan entre le 20 mai et le 19 juin 1945. , puis escorté
un convoi retour à Okinawa, et un autre d'Okinawa à Ulithi. Le 11 juillet elle est arrivée dans la Baie de San Pedro, Leyte, pour le devoir varié aux Philippines jusqu'au 22 septembre où elle a navigué avec des troupes d'occupation à Kure, Japon, débarquant ses passagers du 6 au 11 octobre. En revenant à Manille le 16 octobre elle a redéployé des troupes aux Philippines jusqu'au 2 décembre où elle a navigué pour les États-Unis. Elle a appelé brièvement à San Diego est arrivée à Norfolk le 11 janvier 1946 et Green Cove Springs, Floride le 4 mars. Il y fut mis hors service en réserve le 30 mai 1946.

Daniel T. Griffin a reçu une battle star pour World . Service de la Seconde Guerre.


USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Reclassé en tant que transport à grande vitesse APD-38 le 23 octobre 1944.
Désarmé le 30 mai 1946.
Transféré au Chili le 15 novembre 1966 et rebaptisé Virgilio Uribe.
Frappé par l'U.S.N. 1er décembre 1966.
Virgilio Uribe a été déclassé et mis à la ferraille en 1995.

Commandes répertoriées pour l'USS Daniel T. Griffin (DE 54)

Veuillez noter que nous travaillons toujours sur cette section.

Le commandantDeÀ
1Perry Maurice Fenton, USNR9 juin 19432 octobre 1943
2Frédéric Denfield, USNR2 octobre 19438 janvier 1944
3Jacques A. Eastwood, USNR8 janvier 19441 juin 1945
4Egbert R. Ferguson, USNR1 juin 194515 novembre 1945

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Liens médias


7 décembre 1941 [ modifier | modifier la source]

Le matin du 7 décembre 1941, Daniel faisait le quart de routine à la base aéronavale de Kaneohe. Son PBY était prêt, assis dans la baie avec deux des quatre membres d'équipage déjà à bord. Lorsque Daniel a vu les avions japonais approcher de la base, il s'est rendu compte qu'ils n'étaient pas de l'armée américaine. Daniel a appelé les membres d'équipage à bord de l'avion pour démarrer les moteurs alors qu'il commençait à nager vers le PBY. Daniel s'est installé dans le siège du pilote et a commencé à faire rouler l'avion pour le décollage. Le PBY de Daniel a été touché par des tirs japonais juste au moment où il a décollé. Il a pris feu et a coulé dans la baie de Kaneohe où, selon l'Université d'Hawaï et l'Université de Caroline de l'Est, il repose toujours aujourd'hui. Daniel a été grièvement brûlé mais a réussi à s'échapper de l'avion et a tenté de revenir à la berge à la nage. Les avions japonais ont continué à mitrailler les eaux de la baie de Kaneohe avec des tirs de mitrailleuses. Daniel a été blessé par balle à la tête qui est entré du côté droit derrière son oreille et est ressorti du côté gauche de son visage, le tuant sur le coup. On pense que Daniel a été le premier militaire à mourir à Kaneohe Bay ce jour-là. L'épouse de Daniel, Lucille, ayant vu son avion rouler dans la baie et plus tard prendre feu, ne savait pas si son mari avait survécu. Le 12 décembre, la police de Kaneohe a appelé la base pour signaler qu'un corps s'était échoué. Daniel T. Griffin a été identifié et déclaré mort. Daniel a été enterré dans une tombe temporaire sur la rive nord de l'île de Kaneohe avec plusieurs autres militaires qui ont péri lors de l'attaque. Son corps a ensuite été exhumé et réinhumé dans un cimetière de Colorado Springs, CO. Sa commission d'enseigne est arrivée à la base deux semaines après sa mort. L'épouse de Daniel, Lucille, a ensuite reçu une lettre de citation de l'amiral Chester Nimitz citant la bravoure des actions de Daniel avec un mépris total pour son bien-être personnel.


USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN DE-54 Présentoir de navire marine encadré

Il s'agit d'une magnifique exposition de navire commémorant l'USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN (DE-54). L'œuvre représente l'USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN dans toute sa splendeur. Plus qu'un simple concept artistique du navire, cet affichage comprend une plaque de crête de navire conçue sur mesure et une plaque de statistiques de navire gravée. Ce produit est richement fini avec des tapis doubles coupés et dimensionnés sur mesure et encadré d'un cadre noir de haute qualité. Seuls les meilleurs matériaux sont utilisés pour compléter nos présentoirs de navires. Les présentoirs de navires Navy Emporium font un cadeau généreux et personnel pour tout marin de la Marine.

  • Écusson de la marine conçu sur mesure et gravé de manière experte, positionné sur un feutre noir fin
  • L'illustration est de 16 pouces X 7 pouces sur mat épais
  • Plaque gravée indiquant les statistiques de l'état civil du navire
  • Enfermé dans un cadre noir de haute qualité de 20 pouces X 16 pouces
  • Choix d'options de couleurs de tapis

VEUILLEZ CONSULTER NOS AUTRES INFORMATIONS SUR LE GRAND USS DANIEL T GRIFFIN DE-54 :
USS Daniel T Griffin DE-54 Livre d'or Forum


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - Histoire

USS DANIEL T. GRIFFIN DE 54/APD 38

Date et lieu inconnus.

Photo soumise par Robert S. Mullady GM 3/c
A bord de décembre 1943 à mars 1946

J'ai récemment pris ma retraite de la marine chilienne en tant que lieutenant-commandant et j'ai servi à bord de l'APD "Uribe" ex-USS Daniel T.Griffin en tant que sous-lieutenant en 1985. Il a été désarmé en 1994 et a coulé comme cible au large de Valparaiso. J'avais des sentiments très forts pour elle, car c'était mon premier navire. et où j'ai eu mon premier gros "mal de mer"... plus jamais ça !
Je voulais juste vous faire savoir.

À votre santé,
Gonzalo Lagarini
LCDR (R)
Marine chilienne

Votre webmaster a répondu à cet e-mail et a demandé la confirmation que l'ex-DE54/APD38 avait bien été coulé en tant que cible. Le LCDR Lagarini a répondu :

Merci pour votre réponse rapide. En ce qui concerne votre question, je comprends votre besoin de confirmer l'information, ce n'est pas un problème. Le jour où il a coulé, je pilotais un avion PC-7 (j'étais pilote de marine à l'époque, le lieutenant JG)

J'étais censé attaquer notre "Escuadra" (notre flotte) et plus tard dans la journée, les navires passeraient et prendraient une photo de l'APD. elle n'était PAS facile à couler, en fait elle a été touchée plusieurs fois mais a refusé de couler. un groupe d'hommes Seal a dû retourner en elle et mettre du TNT pour l'achever. Cela s'est passé en novembre 1995.

Avant d'envoyer cette information [ce mail] je l'ai confirmé à l'officier qui a MIS le TNT à son bord et qui est toujours en service.

Je vous envoie également une photo prise d'elle dans la baie de Concepcion en 1987.


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - Histoire

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Matthieu A.
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Régina C.
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Joseph J.
Andres Jr. --> 1SG
Tobie C.
Maître --> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha --> CPL
Georges A.
Lutz II -->

SFC
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Tchad A.
Gonsalves --> SGT
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Clinton T.
Newman --> MSG
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Jean A.
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Jason B.
Jones --> SSG
Jason A.
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Scott R.
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Girard D.
Gass Jr. --> SFC
André T.
Météo --> SFC
Michel A.
Cathcart --> SSG
Matthieu R.
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McClintock --> SSG
Matthieu V.
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Thomas --> MAJ
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Ryan A.
Gloyer --> SSG
James F.
Moriarty --> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe --> SFC
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Lewellen -->

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de Alencar --> SGT
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Rodgers --> SGT
Cameron
Thomas --> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar --> SSG
Aaron
Majordome --> SSG
Émile
Rivera-Lopez --> SSG
Jérémie
Johnson --> SSG
Bryan
Noir --> SSG
Dustin
Wright --> SGT
La David
Johnson --> CW2
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Sims --> SFC
Stéphane
Cribben -->

SFC
Mihail
Golin --> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar --> SSG
Alexandre
W. Conrad --> SFC
Christophe
A. Céliz --> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfiguration --> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin --> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor --> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso --> CPT
André P.
Ross --> SFC
Éric M.
Émond -->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Fermier --> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock --> SSG
Josué
Z. Beale --> SFC
Est-ce que D.
Lindsay --> MSG
Michel
B. Riley --> SGM
Jacques G.
Sartor --> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa --> MSG
José J.
González --> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard --> SFC
Jérémy
W. Griffin --> SFC
Michael
Goble -->

« Le temps ne ternira pas la gloire de leurs actes. »
— John J. Pershing, général des armées


Classe Buckley


Le destroyer d'escorte USS Barr (DE 576) de l'US Navy.

Informations techniques

TaperEscorte Destructeur
Déplacement1400 BRT
Longueur306 pieds
Complément213 hommes
Armement3 pistolets 3" (3x1) 4 1,1" AA
10 20mm
3 tubes lance-torpilles 21" (1x3)
2 rails de grenade sous-marine
8 projecteurs de grenade sous-marine
1 hérisson
vitesse maximale23 nœuds
MoteursTurbo électrique, 2 arbres
Puissance12000 CV
Notes sur la classePlusieurs navires de cette classe ont été prêtés-loués à la Grande-Bretagne pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale pour devenir la classe Captain de la Royal Navy. Ces navires ne sont pas répertoriés sur cette page.

Tous les navires de la classe Buckley

Marine américaine (en savoir plus sur l'US Navy)

102 Escortes de destroyers du Classe Buckley. 5 d'entre eux ont été perdus.

Navires de la classe Buckley touchés par des sous-marins (4)

Les livres traitant de ce sujet comprennent :

Les escortes de destroyers de classe Buckley, Bruce Hampton Franklin, 1999


Daniel T Griffin DE-54 - Histoire

ARSOF tombée de 2001 à 2020

À mes camarades guerriers et citoyens,

Ce site est un hommage aux hommes et aux femmes du Commandement des opérations spéciales de l'armée américaine qui ont payé le prix ultime de notre guerre contre les extrémistes et autres ennemis de notre pays depuis les attentats du 11 septembre. Leurs vies et leurs sacrifices, tels qu'ils sont décrits ici, témoignent de la volonté remarquable et inébranlable des Américains de se manifester et d'accepter les tâches les plus difficiles et les plus dangereuses afin de protéger notre mode de vie. Les histoires de ces pages devraient nous rappeler que la liberté n'est pas gratuite mais qu'elle est payée par chaque génération avec le sang des meilleurs fils et filles d'Amérique.

Nous n'oublierons pas.

En leur nom et à la mémoire de ceux qui sont venus avant et ont répondu à l'appel à rejoindre les soldats de notre nation et à assumer le fardeau unique des opérations spéciales - soyez fier de qui vous êtes, de ce que vous faites et avec qui vous le faites, pour vous sont sans égal — Sinus Pari.

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MAJ
Wallace
C. Hogan Jr. --> SPC
Jonn J.
Edmunds --> PFC
Kristofor T.
Stonesifer --> MSG
Jefferson D.
Davis --> SFC
Daniel H.
Petithorie --> SSG
Brian C.
Prosser -->

SFC
Nathan R.
Chapman --> SGT
Thomas F.
Allison --> SSG
James P.
Dorrity --> CW2
Jody L.
Egnor --> MAJ
Curtis D.
Feistner --> SGT
Jérémy D.
Foshee --> SSG
Kerry W.
Frith --> CPT
Bartt D.
Owens --> SSG
Bruce A.
Rushforth Jr. --> CW2
Stanley L.
Harriman --> SPC
Marc A.
Anderson --> CPL
Matthieu A.
Communes --> SGT
Bradley S.
Crose --> SGT
Philippe J.
Svitak --> SFC
Daniel A.
Romero --> SSG
Gène A.
Vance Jr. --> SFC
Pierre P.
Tycz II --> SFC
Christophe
J. Speer --> SFC
Marc W.
Jackson -->

SSG
Grégory M.
Frampton --> CW3
Thomas J.
Gibbons --> SSG
Daniel L.
Kisling --> CW3
Des marques.
O'Steen --> SSG
Orlando
Moral --> MSG
Georges A.
Fernandez --> SSG
Nino D.
Livaudais --> CPS
Ryan P.
Longue --> CPT
Russel B.
Rippetoe --> CPL
André F.
Chris --> SSG
Timothée M.
Conneway --> 1SG
Christophe
D. Cercueil --> CPL
Marc A.
Bibby --> LTC
Antoine L.
Sherman --> SFC
Mitchell A.
Voie --> SFC
Guillaume M.
Bennett --> MSG
Kévin N.
Plus de tête --> LTC
Charles H.
Buehring --> SSG
Paul A.
Sweeney --> SGT
Jay M.
Bénédiction --> PFC
Charles E.
Bush Jr. -->

SGT
Roy A.
Bois --> MSG
Kelly L.
Hornbeck --> SPC
Adam G.
Kinser --> SFC
Curtis
Mancini --> SGT
Danton K.
Seitsinger --> SPC
Nicolas M.
Friture --> MSG
Richard L.
Ferguson --> SGM
Michel B.
Pile --> CPL
Patrick D.
Tillman --> CW3
Bruce E.
Prix ​​--> CPT
Daniel W.
Eggers --> SPC
Joseph A.
Jeffries --> SFC
Robert J.
Mogensen --> MAJ
Paul R.
Syverson III --> SSG
Paul C.
Mardis Jr. --> CPT
Michel Y.
Tarlavsky --> SSG
Aaron N.
Holleyman --> SSG
Robert S.
Goodwin --> SSG
Tony B.
Olaes --> PFC
Nathan E.
Stahl --> LTC
Marc P.
Phelan --> MAJ
Charles R.
Soltes Jr. --> SSG
Michel G.
Owen --> CPL
Jonathan J.
Santos --> CPL
Guillaume M.
Amundson Jr. --> SGT
Bryan L.
Freeman Jr. --> SGT
Michel C.
O'Neill --> SGM
Robert D.
Odell -->

SFC
Pedro A.
Munoz --> SGT
Jérémy R.
Wright --> SFC
Mickey E.
Zaun --> SFC
Allen C.
Johnson --> SFC
Steven M.
Langmack --> SSG
Leroy E.
Alexandre --> CPT
Charles D.
Robinson --> SFC
Victor H.
Cervantès --> SSG
Christophe
N. Piper --> MSG
Robert M.
Horrigan --> MSG
Michel L.
McNulty --> SSG
Shamus O.
Goaré --> CW3
Corey J.
Bonne nature --> SGT
Kip A.
Jacoby --> SFC
Marcus V.
Murales --> MSG
James W.
Réfléchir III --> MAJ
Stéphane C.
Reich --> SFC
Michel L.
Russel --> CW4
Chris J.
Scherkenbach --> SGT
Jason T.
Palmerton --> PFC
Damien J.
Garza --> PV2
Jean M.
Henderson Jr. --> SFC
Brett E.
Walden --> SSG
Christophe
M. Falkel --> CPT
Jérémy A.
Chandler --> SFC
Trevor J.
Mourir --> MSG
Ivica
Jerak --> CPL
Timothée
M. Karité --> SFC
Obediah J.
Kolath --> MAJ
Grégory J.
Fester --> SFC
Laurent E.
Morrison --> SSG
Gary R.
Harper Jr. --> SSG
Matthieu A.
Kimmell --> PFC
Dillon M.
Jutras --> MAJ
Jeffrey P.
Toczylowski --> SFC
James S.
Ochsner --> MSG
Antoine R.
C. Yost --> SGT
Régina C.
Réal --> SGT
Cheyenne
C. Willey --> MSG
Joseph J.
Andres Jr. --> 1SG
Tobie C.
Maître --> SSG
Ayman A.
Taha --> CPL
Georges A.
Lutz II -->

SFC
Lance S.
Cornett --> SSG
Edwin H.
DazaChacon --> SFC
Tchad A.
Gonsalves --> SGT
Alberto D.
Montrond --> SSG
Clinton T.
Newman --> MSG
Emigdio E.
Elizarraras --> SSG
Ricardo
Barraza --> SGT
Dale G.
M. Brehm --> SFC
Christophe
L. Robinson --> SFC
Richard J.
Herrema --> SPC
Teodoro
Torres --> SSG
Nathan J.
Vacho --> 1SG
Carlos N.
Saenz --> CW5
Jamie D.
Semaines --> MAJ
Matthieu W.
Worrell --> CPT
Shane R.M.
Mahaffee --> SLD
Daniel E.
Hollande --> SSG
Christian
Longsworth --> SFC
Daniel B.
Crabtree --> MSG
Thomas D.
Maholique --> SSG
Michel A.
Dickinson II --> SSG
Éric
Cabane --> SFC
Merideth L.
Howard --> SSG
Robert
J. Paul --> SPC
Adam L.
Knox --> SSG
Carlos
Dominguez --> CW2
Scott W.
Teinture --> SSG
Ronald L.
Paulsen --> SGT
Daniel W.
Winegeart --> SSG
Kyu H.
Chay --> SFC
Guillaume R.
Marron --> SFC
Tung M.
Nguyen --> 2LT
Scott B.
Lundell --> SGT
Dustin M.
Adkins --> SGT
Marco L.
Meunier -->

SGT
Thomas E.
Vandling Jr. --> CPT
Brian S.
Freeman --> MAJ
Alain R.
Johnson --> SGT
James J.
Regan --> SPC
Ryan C.
Tenues --> SPC
Brandon D.
Gordon --> PFC
Kristofer
Thomas --> SGT
Adam A.
Wilkinson --> CW3
Hershel D.
McCants Jr. --> CW3
Jean A.
Quinlan --> SPC
Travis R.
Vaughn --> SSG
Michel D.
Thomas --> SGT
Timothée P.
Padgett --> SGM
Bradly D.
Conner --> SSG
Josué R.
Whitaker --> MSG
Arthur L.
Lilley --> SFC
Nathan L.
Enrouleur --> SSG
Robb L.
Rolfing --> MAJ
James M.
Ahearn --> SGT
Keith A.
Kline --> SFC
Sean K.
Mitchell --> CPL
Jason M.
Kessler --> SSG
Jesse G.
Clowers Jr. --> SFC
Jeffery D.
Bouilloire --> SGT
Charles B.
Kitowski III --> SSG
Robert R.
Pirelli --> SPC
George
V. Libby --> SFC
Adrien M.
Elizalde --> SFC
Michel J.
Tully --> CPL
Benjamin
C. Dillon --> SFC
Justin S.
Monschke --> SSG
Joseph F.
Curreri --> MAJ
Jeffrey R.
Calero --> CPT
Benjamin D.
Tiffner --> SSG
Patrick F.
Kutschbach --> SGT
Steven C.
Ganczewski -->

SSG
Ryan D.
Maseth --> SSG
Justin R.
Merlan --> SSG
Robert J.
Meunier --> SSG
Guillaume R.
Neil Jr. --> SGT
Nicolas A.
Robertson --> SSG
Jason L.
Marron --> SFC
David L.
McDowell --> SSG
Frank J.
Gasper --> SPC
Christophe
Gathercole --> SFC
David
Nunez --> SPC
Thomas F.
Duncan III --> SSG
Travis K.
Hunsberger --> SFC
Jeffrey M.
Rada
Moral --> MSG
Shawn E.
Simmons --> SGT
James M.
Treber --> MSG
Mitchell W.
Jeune --> SSG
David W.
Texteur --> CPT
Richard G.
Cliff Jr. --> SFC
Jamie S.
Nicolas --> SFC
Gary J.
Vasquez --> SGT
Guillaume P.
Rudd --> MAJ
Robert D.
Lindenau --> SGT
Nicolas A.
Casey -->

SSG
Antoine D.
Davis --> SSG
Marc J.
Petit --> SSG
Jérémy E.
Bessa --> MSG
David L.
Blessé --> CPL
Ryan C.
McGhee --> CPL
Benjamin
S. Kopp --> CW2
Douglas
M.Vose III --> SFC
Alexandre
Grenade III --> CPT
Ronald G.
Luce Jr. --> SFC
Séverin W.
Étés III --> CPT
John
Tinsley --> CPL
Nicolas R.
Roush --> SFC
Guillaume B.
Woods Jr. --> SSG
André T.
Lobosco --> SSG
Jason S.
Dahlke --> PFC
Éric W.
Hario --> SFC
Duane A.
Thornsbury --> SFC
Bradley S.
Bohle --> SFC
Shawn P.
McCloskey --> SSG
Josué M.
Moulins --> SSG
Jack M.
Martin III --> SFC
Christophe
D. Shaw --> SGT
Roberto D.
Sanchez --> SSG
Keith R.
Évêque --> SGT
José E.
Hernandez
Chavez --> CW3
Niall D.
Lyon --> SSG
Shawn H.
McNabb --> SFC
David E.
Metzger --> CW4
Michel P.
Montgomery --> SGT
Nickolas A.
Mueller --> SSG
Matthieu A.
Pucino -->

SSG
Rouillé H.
Chrétien --> SPC
Marc P.
Décoteau --> CPT
David J.
Thompson --> SFC
David J.
Hartman --> SFC
Matthieu S.
Sluss- Tiller --> SSG
Marc A.
Stets Jr. --> SGT
Joël D.
Clarkson --> CPL
Michel D.
Jankiewicz --> SSG
James R.
Patton --> SGT
Ronald A.
Kubik --> SGT
Jason A.
Santora --> MSG
Marc W.
Coleman --> CPT
Kyle A.
Confort --> SGT
Jonathan
K. Peney --> SGT
André J.
Creighton --> SPC
Joseph W.
Dimock II --> SGT
Anibal
Santiago --> SGT
Justin B.
Allen --> CPT
Jason E.
Holbrook --> SSG
Kyle R.
Warren --> MSG
Jared N.
Van Alost --> SGT
André C.
Nicol --> SPC
Bradley D.
Rappuhn --> SPC
Christophe
S. Wright --> SGT
Martin A.
Lugo --> SFC
Ronald A.
Grille --> SFC
Calvin B.
Harrison --> SFC
Lance H.
Vogeler --> SSG
Kévin M.
Pape -->

SFC
Dae H.
Parc --> MSG
Benjamin F.
Bitner --> SFC
Martin R.
Apolinaire --> SGT
Aaron J.
Blasjo --> CPT
Joseph W.
Schultz --> SSG
Jérémy A.
Katzenberger --> SFC
Wyatt A.
Orfèvre --> MSG
Benjamin A.
Stevenson --> CPT
Waid C.
Ramsey --> SGT
Alexandre
Plutino --> MSG
Daniel R.
Adams --> SSG
Michel W.
Tuyau --> SGT
Tyler N.
Holtz --> SPC
Ricardo
Cerros Jr. --> SFC
Kristoffer B.
Domeij --> PFC
Christophe
A. Cornes --> 1LT
Ashley I.
Blanc -->

SFC
Benjamin B.
Sage --> SGT
Tanner S.
Higgins --> SSG
André T.
Britton-Mihalo --> SSG
Brandon F.
Eggleston --> SSG
Brandon R.
Poivre --> MSG
Grégory R.
Trente --> SSG
Jérémie S.
Bordure --> SFC
Riley G.
Stephens --> SFC
Aaron A.
Henderson --> SSG
Justin C.
Marquez --> WO1
Joseph L.
Schiro --> SGT
Thomas R.
MacPherson --> SFC
Ryan J.
Savard --> CW2
Michel S.
Crépuscule --> SSG
Kashif M.
Mémon --> SGT
Clinton K.
Ruiz -->

CPT
André M.
Pedersen-Keel --> SFC
James F.
Grissom --> SSG
Michel H.
Simpson --> WO1
Sean W.
Mullen --> SSG
Stéphane
M. Nouveau --> MSG
Georges A.
Bannar Jr. --> SFC
Liam J.
Nevins --> SGT
Josué J.
Strickland --> SSG
Timothée R.
McGill --> SGT
Patrick C.
Hawkins --> SPC
Cody J.
Patterson --> CPT
Jennifer M.
Moreno --> SGT
Joseph M.
Peters --> SSG
Patrick H.
Quinn --> SSG
Richard L.
Vazquez --> SSG
Alex A.
Alto -->

SSG
Daniel
T. Lee --> SPC
Christophe
A. Landis --> SFC
Roberto C.
Skelt Jr. --> SPC
Jean A.
Pelham --> CPT
Jason B.
Jones --> SSG
Jason A.
McDonald --> SSG
Scott R.
Studenmund --> SSG
Girard D.
Gass Jr. --> SFC
André T.
Météo --> SFC
Michel A.
Cathcart --> SSG
Matthieu R.
Ammermann -->

SFC
Matthieu
McClintock --> SSG
Matthieu V.
Thompson --> SSG
Adam S.
Thomas --> MAJ
André D.
Byers --> SFC
Ryan A.
Gloyer --> SSG
James F.
Moriarty --> SSG
Kevin J.
McEnroe --> SFC
Matthieu C.
Lewellen -->

SSG
marque
de Alencar --> SGT
Josué
Rodgers --> SGT
Cameron
Thomas --> SSG
Logan J.
Melgar --> SSG
Aaron
Majordome --> SSG
Émile
Rivera-Lopez --> SSG
Jérémie
Johnson --> SSG
Bryan
Noir --> SSG
Dustin
Wright --> SGT
La David
Johnson --> CW2
Jacob
Sims --> SFC
Stéphane
Cribben -->

SFC
Mihail
Golin --> MSG
Jonathan
J. Dunbar --> SSG
Alexandre
W. Conrad --> SFC
Christophe
A. Céliz --> SFC
Reymund R.
Transfiguration --> CW3
Taylor
J. Galvin --> MAJ
Brent R.
Taylor --> SGT
Leandro A.S.
Jasso --> CPT
André P.
Ross --> SFC
Éric M.
Émond -->

CW2
Jonathan
R. Fermier --> SGT
Cameron
A. Meddock --> SSG
Josué
Z. Beale --> SFC
Est-ce que D.
Lindsay --> MSG
Michel
B. Riley --> SGM
Jacques G.
Sartor --> MSG
Luis F.
DeLeon-Figueroa --> MSG
José J.
González --> SFC
Dustin
B. Ard --> SFC
Jérémy
W. Griffin --> SFC
Michael
Goble -->

« Le temps ne ternira pas la gloire de leurs actes. »
— John J. Pershing, général des armées


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GALAXIES
Formé à Ironwood, une ville minière située dans le coin nord-ouest de la péninsule supérieure du Michigan, les Galaxies ont été le premier groupe de rock and roll à émerger de la chaîne Gogebic riche en fer de la région. Le premier single du groupe était l'une des premières productions d'un artiste du Top 40 qui allait devenir plus célèbre en tant que producteur de disques primé aux Grammy à Los Angeles et à Nashville. Bien que les Galaxies deviendraient le premier U.P. groupe pour sortir un single sur un label national, le groupe s'est séparé avant d'atteindre leur vaste potentiel.

Ironwood est la ville la plus à l'ouest du Michigan, située sur la même ligne de longitude que St. Louis, Missouri, et est l'une des rares villes de l'État à être située dans le fuseau horaire central. Ironwood est situé près de la frontière du Wisconsin dans le comté de Gogebic. Les origines du gogebic (prononcé "go-GIH-bik") sont troubles, bien qu'elles soient presque certainement enracinées dans une langue amérindienne. Une suggestion est qu'il a été nommé pour le lac Gogebic, dont le nom vient à son tour du mot "quotagogebic", qui signifiait "un plan d'eau suspendu en hauteur", se référant à la haute altitude du lac.

La découverte de vastes gisements de minerai de fer combinée à l'arrivée du chemin de fer dans la région a entraîné l'ouverture de plusieurs grandes mines et le développement de l'industrie du bois et l'afflux d'immigrants principalement de Suède, d'Allemagne, d'Angleterre, d'Italie, de Pologne, et la Finlande.

Hurley, Wisconsin, est séparé d'Ironwood par la rivière Montréal et est le lieu de naissance et la maison du seul membre survivant des Galaxies, Andy Abraham. Lui et Christine (Gygi) Sullivan, veuve du chanteur principal des Galaxies Danny Sullivan, se souviennent de Hurley comme d'une ville forestière difficile qui avait des clubs de strip-tease et des prostituées au service des mineurs, des bûcherons, des chasseurs et d'autres aventuriers de la région.

Au moment où Christine a obtenu son diplôme d'études secondaires en 1960, la ville avait perdu une partie de sa notoriété. Elle a dit qu'il y avait un livre écrit sur les réputations scandaleuses de Hurley et Hayward, une autre ville forestière du nord du Wisconsin, appelé Hurley, Hayward et Hell. Le titre aurait été tiré d'un appel d'un conducteur de train le jour de « Tous à bord pour Hurley, Hayward et l'enfer » pour les passagers des bûcherons et des mineurs qui cherchaient du whisky et des femmes en vrac dans deux des villes les plus sauvages de la région.

Edna Ferber, auteure lauréate du prix Pulitzer, a basé son roman de 1935 Come And Get It sur les premiers jours de l'exploitation forestière de Hurley dans le Wisconsin. Un film du même nom a été réalisé en 1936. Il a été réalisé par Howard Hawks et William Wyler et mettait en vedette Edward Arnold, Frances Farmer et Joel McCrea. Le film présentait également la chanson de l'époque de la guerre civile "Aura Lee", dont la mélodie a été utilisée pour "Love Me Tender", le hit n ° 1 d'Elvis Presley en 1956.

Andy Abraham a eu une éducation quelque peu inhabituelle. Sa mère était propriétaire d'une taverne à Hurley et a ouvert le Nora's Bar en 1940. Abraham, né en 1942, et ses six frères et sœurs vivaient à l'étage. Nora Abraham était une femme coriace qui fumait un cigare dans son bar, mais était très gentille en dehors de son lieu de travail. Andy Abraham se souvient que sa mère était « folle de musique et avait toujours un piano à la maison ». Elle a veillé à ce qu'Andy et son frère prennent le piano dès leur plus jeune âge et a insisté pour qu'ils prennent également des cours de claquettes.

Les récitals de claquettes en costumes de haut-de-forme et de queue de pie étaient l'introduction d'Andy Abrahams à se produire devant un public. Les récitals étaient l'endroit où Abraham a rencontré pour la première fois son futur compagnon de groupe dans les Galaxies, Danny Sullivan, alors qu'ils étaient tous les deux pré-adolescents. Sullivan, who was born and lived in Ironwood, also took tap lessons and danced at the recitals with his sister Diane.

Abraham’s biological father left when he was a child, and he was brought up by his stepfather who had a logging camp that he would operate every day. Andy was just ten-years-old when he started working in the woods with his stepfather. They would haul loads of pulp for a paper mill to a railroad boxcar on the first run and then mining timber to shore up the underground mines in Montreal, Wisconsin, located 5 miles southwest of Hurley. The Montreal Mine was part of the Gogebic Range and, at one time, was the deepest iron ore mine in the world.

Rock and roll first came to the Hurley-Ironwood area via the radio. Teens like Andy Abraham and Danny Sullivan tuned in to WLS out of Chicago for the Dick Biondi Show. Inspired by what he heard, Abraham’s first record purchase was “Rock Around The Clock” by Bill Haley And His Comets. From there he went on to purchase the latest hits by Elvis Presley, Little Richard, and the recordings on the Sun label of Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis at the Johnson Music Store at 126 W. Aurora in Ironwood. Johnson’s doubled as an appliance store where you could buy hot water heaters, toilets, washers and driers, and televisions, as well as musical instruments and the latest rock and roll hits.

In a recent MRRL interview, Andy Abraham stated that Ironwood’s local station WJMS was “pretty progressive for being that far north.” Besides broadcasting rock and roll, the station had a regular band called the WJMS Barnyard Ramblers that played live on Saturday mornings, sponsored by the Brookdale Dairy. Abraham said that the group played mostly country music, but they were versatile and also performed some early rockabilly tunes. Andy got to know the band members, especially the guitar players, and watching the Barnyard Ramblers planted the seed that eventually led to Abraham joining his first band.

That opportunity would present itself just across the Montreal River in Ironwood in 1958. Ironwood native Greg Winn received a guitar for his birthday during his junior year at St. Ambrose High School. Winn had attended the seminary as a youngster, intending to become a priest, but changed his mind and returned to Ironwood. The area had a lot of good guitar players and teachers and Winn picked up some basic chords and taught himself to play. Things started to come together when his classmate and good friend, Danny Sullivan, also got a guitar.

Greg Winn was interviewed years later about his time in the Galaxies by Jim Oldsberg for his Lost and Found magazine. Oldsberg’s resulting article, Ad Libbing with The Galaxies, offers the best account of the band’s formation. “We started a band called the Halfbeats”, Winn told Oldsberg. “Our original drummer’s name was Jerry Gregory, one of our classmates. He had one drum, a snare, which he borrowed from the high school. He could keep a beat, but there wasn’t much he could do with only a snare. He soon lost interest and dropped out.” *

Winn and Sullivan then recruited Denny Galka from nearby Hurley as their second drummer but they need a bass player to round out the band. Danny Sullivan ran into Andy Abraham, who was a sophomore at J. E. Murphy High School in Hurley, told him about the band, and mentioned that they were looking for another guy. Abraham had started out on piano and had no trouble switching to electric bass after taking some lessons from a local musician.

“Denny Galka was a very successful teenage entrepreneur in his own right,” Abraham told Oldsberg. He ran his own record hop dances known as ‘Spinner Sanctum’. They were mostly in northern Wisconsin. Our first public performance, at a teen dance, was with him at the Hurley Memorial Building. Denny took 50% and wanted to split the other 50% with the rest of us. It was obvious then that we couldn’t do too much with him.” *

“Dick ‘Nite Train’ Williamson, an established disc jockey from Bessemer, Michigan, also ran record hops,” Winn told Oldsberg. They asked Williamson to be their agent/manager which led to Galka leaving the band. Williamson then brought in drummer Bernie Michelli to replace Galka. Michelli, who was eight years older, was also from Bessemer, which was located ten miles east of Ironwood, and had drummed in jazz, polka and country bands, as well as for strippers in Hurley. “We were his first rock band,” Winn stated “but as far as experience went, Bernie was by far the most well-rounded musician of the four of us.” *

The band had uniforms for their first gig with Williamson as their manager. They knew a seamstress in Hurley who made them pink puffy-sleeved blouses complete with a cummerbund, worn over black slacks. They were still billing themselves as the Halfbeats but were looking for a new name. Williamson suggested 'The Galaxies' from the new Ford Galaxie. The company had put out the model in early 1959 in a marketing attempt to appeal to the excitement surrounding the Space Race between the United States and Russia. The band was unanimous in accepting the new moniker.

“The first real dance I remember us playing was in Ashland, Wisconsin, just south of Lake Superior. We only knew 20 songs, which we had to play over and over,” Winn told Jim Oldsberg. “We played whatever was popular on the radio, but people often compared our style to Buddy Holly, Gene Vincent, and Eddie Cochran. I thought we sounded most like Vincent.” “Dan Sullivan was incredible,” Winn recalled “he was able to listen to a song twice and have all the lyrics and performer’s style memorized.” *

Andy Abraham had this to say about the Galaxies’ lead singer: “Danny Sullivan was a totally unassuming kind of person. If you were his friend, you were his friend period. I liked everything about him right off the bat. On stage, he was a female magnet. They were attracted to him immediately. He was a showman, and would get down and lay on the floor while performing.”

The Galaxies regularly rehearsed in the basement of St. Ambrose Church in Ironwood which had a stage. The band also had a regular gig in the Ironwood Memorial Building, which could hold a 1,000 people for a dance. It was at these dances that the band tried out their new songs and stage routines.

They started writing their own songs right away because they knew that original songs were important if the band was the be successful in rock and rock and roll. Buddy Holly and Chuck Berry were early role models. Danny wrote on his own at home. Andy also wrote at home on the piano while Greg Winn composed with both Sullivan and Abraham and contributed several guitar instrumentals.

Because of the young ages of Winn, Sullivan, and Abraham, the band was prevented from playing in bars. They played mostly high school hops or community dances to which teenagers would come. Most every town in the north had some sort of auditorium with a stage at one end of it and Dick Williamson booked the Galaxies for dances all over the Upper Peninsula, northern Wisconsin, and as far west as Minnesota.

The Galaxies had no idea that Williamson was going to be such as dynamo as their manager, but he was a well-known radio personality at WJMS and had a show six nights per week. He had quite a following, and got a lot of young people to come to his dances. Williamson also brought national acts to Ironwood including Conway Twitty, Dale Hawkins, Buddy Knox, and Jimmy Bowen and that’s how the Galaxies first met the man who produced their first 45.

Jimmy Bowen began as a teenage recording star in 1957 with his hit, “I’m Sticking With You”. The song was originally released as the flipside of Buddy Knox’ # 1 hit “Party Doll”, a song co-written by Knox and Bowen and recorded with their group, the Rhythm Orchids. “I’m Sticking With You” became a big hit on its own, selling over one million copies but Bowen’s singing career was not a successful as that of Knox, and he wanted to move into record production instead.

The Galaxies opened for Jimmy Bowen at a gig in Ironwood on June 20, 1959. He was impressed with the band, told them about the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and gave the Galaxies the phone number and address. Bowen was very anxious to get into record production and encouraged them to record with him.

Kay Bank Studios was a recording facility located at 2541 Nicollet Avenue in Minneapolis. Daniel Heilicher and his brother Amos started in a business together in the 1930s, distributing and stocking jukeboxes. In 1954, they founded the Soma Record label ("Amos" backwards), and started producing records in cooperation with Vernon Bank, owner of Kay Bank Studios.

Some significant recordings were made at Kay Bank and released on the Soma label over the years: Bobby Vee and The Shadows with “Susie Baby” in 1959, the Fendermen released “Muleskinner Blues” in 1960, and the Castaways’ “Liar, Liar” from 1965 were all on Soma. Although the songs were released on other labels, Dave Dudley recorded “Six Days On The Road” and the Trashmen recorded “Surfin’ Bird” at Kay Bank. In addition, Chad Allen and the Expressions (later renamed the Guess Who) came down from Canada and recorded their classic “Shakin’ All Over” at Kay Bank Studios.

Being from small towns in the Upper Peninsula, it was quite an experience traveling to their first recording session in September of 1959. “It was a big deal to make the long trip down to the Twin Cities spend the night in a hotel on our own wander the streets and look up at the 20 or 30 story buildings (nothing was over 2 or 3 stories in Ironwood), and get to work in a ‘real’ recording studio with a national star,” Winn recalled. “It was a blast!” *

Prior to the Galaxies’ first recording session at Kay Bank, they sometimes featured a singer named Mel Nikula at their gigs. Nikula worked for WDMJ-TV, the Upper Peninsula’s first television station. Although he was not a rocker like Danny Sullivan, Nikula was an effective ballad singer and was invited to accompany the band to the session in Minneapolis.

“The Galaxies spent six hours in the studio that day with Jimmy Bowen and C. W. Kendall who helped out with the musical direction. The band recorded four of their original tunes. First off was the incredible Sullivan-penned rocker, “If You Want To Be My Baby”. Danny Sullivan’s vocals were a cross between Eddie Cochran and Gene Vincent with a little Elvis thrown in for good measure. Greg Winn’s energetic Gibson lead guitar work on the tune and on his own instrumental composition of “Ad Lib” were fabulous, while Andy Abraham and Bernie Michelli tied everything together on bass and drums. The two other songs recorded that day were written by Abraham “I Want To Rock” with Andy on lead vocal, and the ballad “Love Has Its Ways” which featured Mel Nikula.” *

“Jimmy Bowen worked out all the accompanying paperwork, and the Galaxies paid him for his services as producer as well as the cost of the studio time. They also picked up the tab for the pressing of the 45 rpm. Because they were on a limited budget, only 300-500 copies of the record were pressed. “If You Want To Be My Baby” backed with “Ad Lib” was released on the band’s own Darbo label. (Darbo came from Jimmy Bowen’s wife’s name, Darlene Bowen).” *

Dick Williamson advised the band to change their name to ‘Danny and the Galaxies’ on the “If You Want To Be My Baby’ a-side of the disc because he felt that it would be easier to sell the band if one of the members was highlighted. Since Danny Sullivan was the singer and also had a very strong stage presence, he was the logical choice. Listen to "If You Want To Be My Baby" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wECpg2QX1C4

Unfortunately, Jimmy Bowen seemed to lose interest in the Galaxies after the session for a variety of reasons. His long partnership with Buddy Knox was coming to an end as was his recording contract with Roulette Records. He didn’t use his music industry contacts to help the band get signed to a national record company that could have promoted and distributed the single. Instead, Bowen signed with a new label and continued his singing career for a few more years. In the early 1960s, Bowen moved to Los Angeles and was hired as a record producer by Frank Sinatra for his new label, Reprise Records. He would go on to produce hits for Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr. and Dino, Desi, & Billy along with Sinatra’s # 1 hit “Strangers In The Night” which won three Grammys in 1967, including Record of the Year for Bowen.

In the early 1970s, Bowen moved to Nashville where he enjoyed great success producing Glen Campbell, Conway Twitty, Kenny Rogers, Hank Williams Jr., the Oak Ridge Boys, Reba McEntire, and Garth Brooks. Bowen also revolutionized the way music was recorded in Nashville, introducing digital technology and modernizing the way instruments were recorded and mixed.

While Bowen went on to fame and fortune, things were quite different for the Galaxies. “We never made a penny in royalties from the record,” said Greg Winn. “What little we made came from selling small quantities of discs ourselves, off the stage. Neither song ever got played on the air in Minneapolis, but both were aired in our hometown.” *

In an advertisement in the Ironwood Daily Globe, the band was pictured under the banner ‘Home Town Boys Make Good!’ Area residents were invited to hear the record over WJMS-AM 590 and attend a live afternoon performance at Johnson Music Store by ‘the Range’s first recording group’. The Darbo record also earned the Galaxies a gig at the ornate Ironwood Theatre, built in 1928. The movie palace presented two complete band performances at 7 and 9pm along the thrilling 1959 motion picture Speed Crazy, starring Brett Halsey. All seats were 75 cents. **

Greg Winn remembered the performance. “Dan Sullivan was a good-looking Irish/Italian kid trying his darnedest to sound like Elvis. At the Ironwood Theatre, Dan sang Ricky Nelson’s “Lonesome Town”. He laid down on the front of the stage, and they hit him with a blue spotlight. There were probably some girls there that night that wet their pants! I only sang two solos in the band – one was Dorsey Burnette’s “Hey Little One”. Andy Abraham sang the Little Richard songs he had a higher voice than Dan’s.” *

Bernie Michelli was the only member of the band that was married in 1959, and his wife, Marilyn, often traveled with the Galaxies and sold records at the gigs. “Danny had a beautiful voice,” Marilyn told the Daily Globe in 2007. “Danny was the one that could’ve gone places.” On the road, Marilyn said that Dick Williamson often pretended that she was his wife, telling the band, “you can’t have one of the Galaxies married.” ***

Putting on a good show was an important part of the Galaxies’ appeal. Bernie Michelli was featured in a lengthy drum solo during which their manager and the other members of the Galaxies took away his drums one by one, leaving “Gene of the North” (Michelli’s nickname taken from his musical idol, the great drummer Gene Krupa) with only his drumsticks. Greg Winn would leap from the stage, tethered by a 50-foot guitar cord and land on his knees or climb on Andy Abraham’s shoulders and play guitar solos behind his head. ***

These were the days when bands strove to look different from their audience. In 1959, the Galaxies added another uniform of bright white sport coats with short-sleeved red shirts and red pants. Greg Winn told Jim Oldsberg that the first time they wore the new uniforms was memorable. “We played the first set in the pink and black outfits,” Winn said. “Before the start of the second set, we closed the stage curtains and got into place behind them. The curtains opened to reveal us in those bright red and white outfits. The kids were mesmerized. That night I don’t think we could have done anything wrong.” *

Always stylish, the Galaxies' other costumes ranged from cardigan sweaters with wide gray and black stripes, to peach satin shirts, and white tuxedo jackets with green sequined lapels. **

Having a record out was an important factor in getting gigs, and Dick Williamson booked them as far away as Duluth, Minnesota, as well as Madison, Milwaukee, and Green Bay, Wisconsin. The Galaxies also appeared on television several times – The Johnny Sax Show in Green Bay and a Bandstand-type program in Duluth on which they played live rather than lip-synching.

Williamson was also instrumental in eventually getting the Galaxies a record deal. He knew John O’Brien, the regional distributor for Guaranteed Records, who was based in Milwaukee. It was through this connection that the Galaxies got a contract with the New York record label to release a second single.

Guaranteed was a subsidiary of the Carlton Records label. Carlton had enjoyed a great deal of success in 1958 and 1959 with Jack Scott who had charted 8 songs in the Billboard Hot 100, including the Top 40 hits: “My True Love”, “Leroy”, “With Your Love”, “Goodbye Baby” and “The Way I Walk”.

Guaranteed’s big artist was Paul Evans who had charted three Top 40 singles in 1959 and 1960: “Seven Little Girls Sitting In The Back Seat”, “Midnite Special”, and “Happy-Go-Lucky-Me”.

Dick Williamson had a New York connection because a girl from Ironwood that he knew, Julann Wright, was married to Merv Griffin. Williamson hoped to use his Merv Griffin connection to see if he could get the Galaxies on American Bandstand. Unfortunately, Dick Clark was one of the main targets in the congressional hearings surrounding the payola scandal at the time, and the possibility of the Galaxies appearing on the program got lost in the turmoil encircling the investigation of the Bandstand host.

“When we signed with the people at Guaranteed, Dan and Dick flew to New York. The rest of us stayed behind. I was the leader, but Dan went because he was the singer,” Winn told Oldsberg. “We were told that the contract that Jimmy Bowen had set up for us was illegal. Bowen had lost interest in us, anyway, so we figured the Guaranteed deal would be just the shot in the arm the band needed.” *

The Galaxies recorded their one and only single for Guaranteed at the Kay Bank Studios in Minneapolis in 1960. The a-side was “My Tattle Tale (I’m Gonna Tell My Mommy On You)”, a frantic rocker that lasted just 1 minute and 36 seconds, written by Sullivan and Winn. Danny Sullivan’s lead vocal is similar to Eddie Cochran’s and Greg Winn provides both the falsetto voice in the song and a driving guitar solo. Andy Abraham’s bass is also prominent in the mix. The flipside was an instrumental version of the Abraham-penned song called “Love Has Its Way” that the band had first recorded with Bowen at their first session. Listen to "My Tattle Tale" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXNmq5VghEU

When the second 45 was issued, Johnson Music Store promoted the event with another ad. ‘The (Gogebic) Range’s own Galaxies flew to New York to make this hit record and signed a record contract with Carlton Record Corp., a national house of record hits! We’re for them, the teenagers are for them…we all wish them well,’ the copy boasted. The ad urged readers to ‘be the first to hear and buy this new record.’ **

The Galaxies made another appearance at the store where they autographed copies of the record on request. Copies of “My Tattle Tale” were enclosed in a sleeve which asked record buyers to join the Paul Evans Fan Club, although the Galaxies had a national fan club of their own. In the accompanying news story, the Ironwood Daily Globe reported that “My Tattle Tale” was in the ‘Top 60 record hits in the Milwaukee area.’ The newspaper also noted that the Galaxies ‘have been busy lately making personal appearances in Detroit and Milwaukee.’ **

Throughout 1960 and most of 1961 the Galaxies rode high locally on the success of being a national recording group. They played at the Eagles Club in Milwaukee in 1960, sharing the stage with Della Reese at the fifth annual Millie Awards. They were the opening act at a Conway Twitty concert and played at a fund-raiser for U.P. Senator Joe Mack, but they weren’t making much money. Greg Winn claimed that in 1960, he made just under $1,000. *** That might be fine for a high school student, but in 1961, Winn married his high school sweetheart Lucia and now had to think about supporting a wife, and Danny Sullivan had met Christine Gygi.

Christine was born in Ironwood in 1942 but grew up in Gile, Wisconsin, a tiny town north of Hurley. Her family was of Swiss descent and her father worked in the Cary Mine, one of the largest iron mines in the Gogebic Range. Christine attended St. Mary’s Catholic Grade School with Andy Abraham through the 8th grade in Hurley, before joining him for the next four years at the town’s J. E. Murphy High School.

She was a rock and roll fan and bought records by Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley at the Johnson Music Sore in Ironwood. Christine started dating Danny Sullivan in 1960, the year she graduated from high school. There was an immediate attraction between her and the singer who had graduated in 1959.

They were already talking about marriage when Danny and Dick Williamson flew to New York to meet with Carlton Records, and the couple married in 1961 at St. Mary’s Church in Hurley. Their first child, Sue, was born the following year.

The marriages were the reason Andy Abraham quit the band in 1961. “Everyone was getting married,” he told the Daily Globe in 2007. “You can’t be a rock-n-roll band when you’re married.” *** Interviewed by MRRL in 2017, Abraham said that leaving the band was a mistake on his part. “I didn’t realize that something like what we had in the Galaxies doesn’t come around very often.”

The Galaxies carried on with a new bass player named Denny Soltis while Abraham enrolled in college. The band traveled to Minnesota to compete in the Duluth Portorama Battle of the Bands and won the first-place trophy – the winner was determined by the applause from a crowd of over 3,000 music lovers. ***

The next blow came when Greg Winn decided to leave in late 1961 and moved to Wausau, Wisconsin. Sullivan, Michelli, and Soltis carried on as a trio for a time, but it just wasn’t the same, and the band came to an end in 1962.

Winn then moved to Racine, Wisconsin, where he worked as a computer tech for NCR. He transferred to the Twin Cities four years later and continued to work in computers as a tech instructor and tech writer. At one point, he was working full-time while taking a full course load at the university of Minnesota as a music theory major. Winn, who fathered four children with his first wife and one more with his second, moved back to the Ironwood area in 1999. He played piano and organ in a number of local churches until his death from cancer in 2014. *** Listen to Greg Winn and the Galaxies on the instrumental "Ad Lib" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rUBAf2qkK_Y

Dick Williamsom moved to Calfornia shortly after the Galaxies broke up. He died there in 2010, the result of a fall.

Bernie Michelli stayed behind in Bessemer. He and Marilyn had four children, and he had a good job with the city’s water department. He also kept the Galaxies name going, playing weddings with new members well into the 1970’s but it was a pale imitation of the original band, and this version never recorded. Bernie died of cancer in 2007.

Danny Sullivan and his family moved to Wausau and took a job at the A&P store. He formed a new band called Three Of A Kind, shortly thereafter, with Sullivan on guitar and lead vocals, Wally Cegielski on steel guitar, and Dick Kamerus on drums.

In 1968, Danny, Christine, Sue, and Dan Jr., who was born in 1964, moved to Eau Claire, Wisconsin, so that Danny could attend barber school. While there, he formed another band called the Knott Brothers. The following year, Danny and family moved back to Wausau and he put together a new version of the Knott Brothers and recorded a single on the Page Records label, “Stick Out Your Cans, Here Comes The Garbage Man” backed with “I Know This Hurt by Heart”.

Sadly, Danny Sullivan suffered from manic depression but effective treatment of the condition was still in the early stages, and the medications prescribed by doctors in 1970 were not always effective in treating the disorder. In a 2017 interview with MRRL, Christine said that “the medication Danny was on at the time of his death really took him down, but we didn’t realize it.” It was during one of those very dark periods that Danny took his own life.

After Danny’s death, Christine and the children moved back to Gile where she had the support of both her family and Danny’s parents. In the late 1970’s, Christine married Kenny Forslund, an area school teacher.

Andy Abraham returned to music in 1964 when he joined a band called Frank Martinez and The Pharomen. The group recorded one single for the Soma label and both songs, “Jeanette” and a new version of “Love Has Its Way”, were penned by Abraham. He later picked up the pedal steel guitar and played in rock, country, and jazz bands all over the United States and Canada.

He met his wife in California, and they owned and operated a restaurant called The Rainbow in Olympia, Washington, that specialized in ethnic food and live jazz. Abraham and his wife produced many shows at the venue and were part of the West Coast jazz circuit for fifteen years.

In 1992, Abraham moved back to Wisconsin his mother was near death and his marriage was failing. It was shortly after moving back that he reconnected with Danny Sullivan’s son, his widow Christine, and one of Danny’s sisters at Nora’s Bar, the tavern his mother owned for over 50 years. The bar is still in the Abraham family, now owned by Andy’s brother Mike and his sister Margaret who operate it under its original name.

Dan Sullivan Jr. has been a champion of the Galaxies’ legacy for many years, giving him the chance to learn more about the father he lost when he was very young. When his grandmother, Rosie Sullivan of Ironwood, died, Dan Jr. inherited all of the memorabilia she had saved from her son’s musical career.

He has been collecting Galaxies’ materials ever since, and he has put them to good use in a museum display for Andy Abraham that he put together at the Iron County Historical Society Museum in Hurley. Sullivan is also planning an exhibit at the Ironwood Area Historical Society Museum for Greg Winn and his father, as well as one for Bernie Michelli at the Bessemer Area Heritage Center.

The Galaxies came in first place in the 2017 online vote for the Michigan Rock and Roll Legends Internet Hall of Fame with more 400 votes more than either of the other two inductees. It was the largest vote margin in the history of the MRRL Hall of Fame.


Contenu

According to Andrew Lloyd Webber, Starlight Express has its roots in three abandoned projects: an animated TV series based on Thomas the Tank Engine, a novelty pop single, and an animated film based on Cinderella.

In 1974, Lloyd Webber approached author Reverend W. Awdry about adapting Awdry's Thomas the Tank Engine stories as an animated TV series. [5] Following the meeting, Lloyd Webber started composing, with actor and children's TV writer Peter Reeves contributing lyrics. They pitched their material to Granada TV, who commissioned a pilot episode. The episode was completed in early 1976, but Granada ultimately decided not to produce a full series as they feared that Awdry's stories were not then popular enough outside the UK to justify investing the time and money needed to make the series. [6] Ironically, the Thomas the Tank Engine series premiered seven months after Starlight Express and became highly successful.

After withdrawing from the project, Lloyd Webber heard a recording of an American soul singer, Earl Jordan, who could sing three notes at once in the style of a steam whistle. Lloyd Webber and Peter Reeves wrote a novelty pop song for Jordan called "Engine of Love", which was released in 1977. [7] The song failed to chart, but "Engine of Love" would go on to feature in some productions of Starlight Express and the melody was also later used for "He'll Whistle At Me".

Around the same time as writing "Engine of Love", an American TV station invited Lloyd Webber to compose songs for an animated film of Cinderella. In this version of the story, the Prince would hold a competition to decide which engine would pull the royal train across the United States of America. Cinderella would be a steam engine and the ugly sisters would be a diesel engine and an electric engine. The project went into development hell, but Lloyd Webber remained interested in the idea of telling a story with trains. [8]

Starlight Express proper began in early 1981. Lloyd Webber asked lyricist Richard Stilgoe to help him revive the idea as a concert for schools, in the style of Lloyd Webber's breakthrough musical, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Lloyd Webber and Stilgoe presented two songs the following summer at the Sydmonton Festival, Lloyd Webber's private event for showcasing new work. The director Trevor Nunn watched the performance and offered to help develop the material from something "twee" [9] to something with more "spectacle and theatre magic". [dix]

Together, Lloyd Webber, Stilgoe and Nunn developed the story to include the idea of trains and coaches racing. The choreographer Arlene Phillips was brought on board along with the designer John Napier, who suggested staging the show on roller skates. [11]

In 1983 the first act of Starlight Express was workshopped by Nunn and Phillips with a cast that included the comedian Tracey Ullman. Based on the workshop's success, Starlight Express went into full-scale production, eventually opening in March 1984.

Starlight Express has been revised many times since it was first produced. Each professional production has differed from the last. These differences range from tweaks to lyrics, to the omission or inclusion of entire songs, characters and sub-plots. Throughout Starlight Express ' s history, however, the fundamental story has stayed the same: a young but obsolete steam engine, Rusty, races in a championship against modern engines in the hope of impressing a first-class carriage, Pearl.

This plot summary reflects the show as it was first produced, in the West End in 1984.

Act 1 Edit

The reigning champion – a diesel engine called Greaseball – enters with his cavalcade train known as the Union Pacific. They boast of diesel's supremacy ("Rolling Stock"). Next, a steam engine called Rusty enters. Greaseball mocks Rusty, who replies that he will win the championship, despite steam being obsolete compared to diesel ("Call Me Rusty"). Control intervenes and orders Rusty to collect a passenger train from the marshalling yard. He returns with four coaches that make up the passenger train: a dining car called Dinah, a smoking car called Ashley, a buffet car called Buffy, and an observation car called Pearl. Control sends Rusty away to fetch a freight train as the coaches introduce themselves to the audience ("A Lotta Locomotion"). Greaseball returns. He boasts again, this time to the coaches ("Pumping Iron"). Rusty returns with the six trucks that make up the freight train: three boxcars called Rocky 1, Rocky 2 and Rocky 3, a brick truck called Flat-Top, an aggregate hopper called Dustin and a brake truck called C.B.. They introduce themselves to the audience and argue with the coaches over whether it is preferable to carry people or cargo ("Freight").

Control declares entries for the championship open. Six trains arrive to challenge Greaseball: Bobo, the French TGV Espresso, the Italian Rome-to-Milan Express Weltschaft, the German Class 103 Turnov, the Trans-Siberian Express from Russia Hashamoto, the Japanese Shinkansen Bullet Train and the City of Milton Keynes, the Advanced Passenger Train from Great Britain. Entries are about to close when a surprise entry – an electric engine called Electra – arrives. Accompanied by his entourage of five components – an armaments truck called Krupp, a repair truck called Wrench, a money truck called Purse, a freezer truck called Volta and an animal truck called Joule – Electra declares that electricity is the future of the railways ("AC/DC"). Greaseball et Electra s'affrontent alors que les participants forment un défilé pour célébrer la course ("Coda of Freight").

Le contrôle annonce les règles du championnat : les trains s'affronteront par paires, avec une locomotive tirant une voiture. Il y aura trois manches éliminatoires, et le vainqueur de chaque manche passera à la finale pour décider du train le plus rapide. Les moteurs commencent à choisir leurs entraîneurs. Rusty propose de courir avec Pearl, mais elle le rejette, expliquant qu'elle attend son « train de rêve » (« Il m'a sifflé »). Le messager d'Electra, Purse, entre avec une invitation d'Electra. Même si Electra n'est pas non plus son train de rêve, elle accepte, laissant Rusty seul.


Voir la vidéo: Les Griffin VF s11e8 - La bible selon saint Peter (Juillet 2022).


Commentaires:

  1. Flint

    Certainement. Je me suis joint à tous ci-dessus. Discutons de cette question. Ici ou dans PM.

  2. Weirley

    Je pense que tu as tort. Je suis sûr. Je peux défendre ma position.



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